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What is Eczema Disease and Symptoms?

What is eczema?

Eczema is a skin disease which is also known as ATOPIC DERMATITIS. This is commonly seen in the children and babies. The skin becomes very itchy and inflamed patches are found. It varies in types like in adults, children and teens.

ayurvedic treatment eczema new


There are different types of Eczema which may differ from person to person and also in age. Following are the different types of eczema:

  • Contact dermatitis: This is caused when a person comes in contact with some irritants and may get burning, itching and redness on skin. This type of problem goes away when the irritant is removed from the skin.
  • Allergic contact dermatitis: This is caused when a person may come in contact with allergens like glues & adhesives, latex & rubber, cloth dyes or maybe because of some metals like nickel or cobalt.
  • Dyshidrotic dermatitis: This is majorly seen in the women facing problems like itchy, scaly patches of skin which becomes red, cracked and painful. It also affects the fingers, palm and soles of the feet.
  • Nummular dermatitis: This is most commonly seen in men that causes dry, round patches of skin, mostly seen at the legs area and especially in winter season.
  • Discoid eczema: In this the problem is often seen on the lower legs, torso and forearms. It may be because of insect bites, poor blood flow, cold climate, bacterial skin infections or certain medications can also be one of the causes.
  • Varicose eczema: This type of eczema is commonly observed in patients suffering from varicose veins.
  • Seborrhea dermatitis: This problem affects particularly the scalp, eyebrows, and eyelids, on the sides of nose and behind the ears. It causes itchy, red and scaly rashes on these areas.


The commonly found symptom of this disease is itchy, dry, rough, flaky, inflamed and irritated skin. It may differ from person to person and in the same way, the symptoms vary accordingly. Other symptoms observed are

  • Intense itching
  • Red or brownish-gray patches
  • Scaly skin
  • Peeling skin
  • Rashes
  • Swollen skin


The disease is caused by many reasons which may include

  • Environment
  • Sensitive skin
  • Thyroid
  • Genetics
  • Low immunity
  • It can also be affected by the use of things like soaps, perfumes, dust, makeup, smoke, chlorine etc.
  • It may also be caused by cold, flu, bacterial infection.
  • Some people get this problem when they are prolonged exposure to water.
  • Low humidity in the winter.


Risk factors to know about Eczema:

The factor mainly responsible for this disease is due to hereditary or genetic. The parents who are suffering from any kind of allergic disorders like atopic dermatitis, asthma or hay fever may have a higher risk of having children suffering with the same. These may get affected more by environmental factors or wool irritation, use of any chemical in the form of soap, detergents, cosmetics and perfumes.  The risk is found more in infants and children but the condition is improved with age.

Reducing the risk of Eczema:

As the reason behind this particular disease is unknown so there are few suggestions and precautions suggested by dermatologist to reduce the risk of this disease like:

  • The best measure for the infant is breast feeding.
  • The new born babies who are more prone to this should apply moisturizer daily.
  • The parents should avoid their children’s exposure to pets.
  • The pregnant mother or the nursing mother should take probiotics.


The only way to diagnose this disease is to consult a dermatologist as soon as the person gets the above-mentioned symptoms. The doctor then may take details of your family history like things or substances that cause irritation to the skin or maybe if someone has asthma or allergic reactions such as pollen, pets or foods. The doctor may diagnose the problem even by looking at the rash.

eczema home remedies

Lifestyle/ Home Care and Remedies:

To prevent and reduce the risk of eczema one should take necessary measures and precautions like:

  • The person should apply moisturizer at least twice a day on daily basis.
  • If the person feels some sort of itching or rash, he/she should immediately apply some anti-itch cream on the affected areas.
  • Never scratch the area where you are feeling itchy, instead try to press the skin on that particular area.
  • Start using mild soaps, dyes or perfumes.
  • Avoid eating too much spicy food, sour eatables, fatty or heavy meals that are hard to digest.
  • Avoid refrigerated food.
  • Include more fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains in your diet.
  • Wear comfortable clothes to avoid the itch or rash.
  • Try to keep mind out of stress and anxiety.
  • If by applying itch cream or moisturizer the problem is not cured then one can take oral anti-allergy medicine as well.
  • A warm water bath can also be a good remedy to avoid this problem.
  • Avoid excessive intake of alcohol and tobacco.
  • Use cow’s ghee at least 3-4 spoons in a day as it is the best home remedy for eczema and other skin diseases as well.

Treatment through Ayurveda:

Ayurveda is one of the world’s oldest holistic healing systems originated in India from more than 5000 years ago. Ayurveda comprises of two words Ayur + Veda which means “the science of life”. Ayurveda believes in the balance between the mind, body and soul. Through Ayurveda, the diseases are treated right from the root. The whole Ayurveda study is based on the three doshas of our body which are Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Whenever there is an imbalance between any of these three doshas, it may result in many diseases. In Ayurveda, we are blessed with a variety of Ayurvedic herbs that help in balancing and maintaining the body.

In Ayurveda this disease is known as Vicharchika. According to Ayurveda itching is caused when there is an imbalance in Kapha or Vata dosha and pain is caused by pitta and Vata imbalances. Through Ayurveda, we can aim to improve the immune system of the person’s body that has more chances to be more prone to this disease by any of the above-mentioned reasons or causes. There are many ways which we can incorporate in our lifestyle and ayurvedic herbs that can help the person to get relief from this disease like:

  • Take herbal tea.
  • Apply neem oil on the affected areas.
  • For dryness, one can opt for coconut oil or aloe vera.
  • If the person is having too much itching then a mix of coconut oil and camphor.
  • Take fresh juices which help the person to purify the blood and remove toxins from the body.

In Ayurveda Yogashram we have a combination of wildcrafted herbs extracts that help the infected person to get relief from this disease in the form of medication.

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