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What’s the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

ayurvedic treatment of diabetes

What is diabetes?

A type of chronic disease that is occurred when the pancreas is not able to make insulin or when the body is not able to make proper use of insulin which results in the increase of blood sugar. This causes sugar to accumulate in the blood. Diabetes can lead to many health problems like heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and lower extremity amputations.

Types of diabetes:

There are mainly three types of diabetes:

  • Type 1- In this type of diabetes the insulin produced by the pancreas is either very low or no insulin is produced by the pancreas. This happens when the person’s own immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas known as BETA cells, cells that make insulin. There is one more type of diabetes found which is very much similar to Type 1 diabetes and it is known as secondary diabetes, in which the immune system is not destroying the BETA cells but they are either wiped out by some disease or due to any injury to the pancreas. In this type of diabetes, the patient has to depend on the insulin injection to lower down the blood sugar.
  • Type 2- In this type of diabetes the pancreas is producing the insulin but it is not bemused efficiently by the cells. The cells in this type of diabetes become insensitive to the insulin which results in the increase of blood sugar level. In this type of diabetes the patient can take precautionary measures like doing dieting, exercise or oral drugs to keep this in track.
  • Gestational- This type of diabetes is often occurred when a women gets pregnant in which her blood sugar levels are high. This type of diabetes often goes away after the delivery of the lady and taking few precautionary measures. If not taken care at an early stage it may lead to Type 2 diabetes.
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Diabetes Causes:

As there are three types of diabetes, so the cause for each is different.

  • TYPE 1 diabetes cause: The cause behind this particular type of diabetes is not yet clear and it is taken as an auto-immune disease in which the patient’s immune system is attacking the BETA cells by mistake only, the cells which makes the insulin. It may be caused due to genetic or environmental conditions.
  • TYPE 2 diabetes cause: This type of diabetes can be caused because of many reasons; it may be genetic, lifestyle or environmental conditions. This type of diabetes is genetic or hereditary which means if the mother or father of the person is suffering from this type of diabetes he is much more prone to get this disease as genes play a very important role in the health conditions of a person. Our style of living plays a very important role in our health as well. The lifestyle of a person who is more likely to get this type of diabetes may be having a lack of exercise, unhealthy eating habits, obesity are some of the major reasons behind this.
  • Gestational Diabetes:
  • This type of diabetes is caused during the pregnancy because during this period the placenta makes the hormones which are responsible for the production of glucose in the blood which usually is done by the pancreas. If it is not been handled properly it results in high blood sugar levels and cause this type of diabetes.


A person suffering from diabetes may have the following symptoms:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness in the feet and hands
  • Sores that are not getting healed
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Frequent infections like in gums, skin or infections in intimate areas.
  • Exhausted or tiredness
  • Dry skin
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Risk factors:

Risk factors for diabetes also differ according to its types like

  • In Type 1 diabetes the risk factors include family history in which either both or any of the parents is suffering from this disease. The other factor can be age; it may develop in adults as well as in children but getting this type 1 diabetes in the later stage of life is very rare. Thirdly the factor may be genes, like if a person is having those specific genes that may increase the risk of getting type 1 diabetes.
  • In Type 2 diabetes the risk factors found are not at all negligible which includes family history of the disease, age may be the factor like person who is over the age of 45, this may also be found in a person who has high cholesterol level, Hypertension, no physical activity or maybe blood vessel disease.
  • Risk factors in gestational diabetes are almost the same like in Type 1 and Type 2 which may include family history of the disease, being over weight, unhealthy eating habits etc.


After a person is observed with the above-mentioned symptoms, the diabetes can be diagnosed by some of the tests like:

  • Fasting plasma glucose test: This test is done on a patient when he has not consumed anything for at least 8 hours before the test. This test is normally done in the morning after the person gets up right after the 7-8 hours of sleep at night.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test: This test is done when a person have consumed a glucose beverage couple if hours before the test.
  • Random plasma glucose test: Through this test the blood sugar is checked without taking into regard like when the person had its last meal. This gives a random assessment of diabetes.


As it is a well-known proverb that PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE, so to get prevention from this chronic disease one should follow a healthy lifestyle by incorporating the following steps like:

  • The person should minimize the intake of sugar and sugary food items.
  • Daily physical exercise should be added to the daily regime.
  • Drink plenty of water and substitute water with other beverages as it will help to remove toxins from the body as well.
  • It a person is on the obese side, he/she should do necessary measures to lose weight.
  • Smoking should be a strict no.
  • One should start following a low-carb diet.
  • A high fiber diet should be followed.
  • Vitamin D which is very important to control blood sugar. The best source of taking vitamin D is been exposed to sunlight.

Treatment through Ayurveda:

Ayurveda, an ancient medical science comprising of two words Ayur + Veda which means the science of life. This system of medication is more than 5000 years old and is not only been used in India but now has reached other countries as well. The whole study of Ayurveda is based on three doshas in our body which are Vata, Pitta and Kapha, whenever there is any imbalance found in these three, it may lead to many diseases.

ayurvedic treatment of diabetes

According to Ayurveda, diabetes is referred to as Madhumey, which is found when there is a disorder in Kapha dosha.  There are various herbs available in Ayurveda with which we can cure the disease like Guduchi, Shardunika, Kutki, Punarnava, turmeric, methi seeds, include more of bitter gourd, amla, aloe vera, ginger in diet.

At Ayurveda Yogashram we have medicines that are made from the extracts of such herbs which are beneficial in preventing and curing diabetes. The following are the medicine available with us for this disease, Buy Diabetes Healer kit Ayurvedic Medicine

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